14-Hour Rule §395.3(a)
The purpose of this hours-of-service rule, as with the 11-hour driving rule, is to keep fatigued drivers off the highways. The 14-hour rule prohibits the driver of a property-carrying commercial motor vehicle, operating in interstate commerce, from driving after the 14th consecutive hour after first coming on duty following 10 consecutive hours off duty.
The 14-hour period is consecutive — it includes all on-duty and off-duty time accrued after coming on duty. Of those 14 hours, 11 may be spent driving.
The 14-hour rule is often misunderstood to mean that a driver must be released from duty after 14 hours. However, the hours-of-service rules only regulate driving, not working. A driver can do non-driving work beyond the 14-hour limit, just no more driving.
Exceptions to this rule exist for:
- Short-haul drivers (395.1(e)(2) and 395.1(o))
- Drivers in Alaska (395.1(h)),
- Drivers making retail store deliveries within a 100 air-mile radius from December 10 to December 25 (395.1(f)),
- Drivers transporting agricultural commodities within a 100-air-mile radius (395.1(k)),
- Drivers of utility service vehicles (395.1(n)), and
- Drivers providing transportation to or from a motion picture production site (395.1(p)).
A regulation sleeper berth can be used to extend the 14-hour window and meet the 10 consecutive hours off-duty requirement. See the Sleeper Berth topic for more information.
FMCSA: A Driver Found Lacking Required ELD May Finish Trip
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has advised how the electronic logging device mandate will be enforced beginning April 1, 2018, when the period of “soft enforcement” ends, according to a post by Daren Hansen, senior editor of Transportation Safety for J.J. Keller & Associates.
Once full enforcement begins on April 1, drivers required to operate with an ELD but found to be lacking a device will be placed out of service (OOS). That OOS order will be in effect for 10 hours for truck drivers.
At the end of the OOS period, the driver will be allowed to continue to his or her next scheduled stop using paper logs. But the driver should not be dispatched again without an ELD.
And if the driver is dispatched again without an ELD, he or she may be placed OOS yet again and “the motor carrier will be subject to further enforcement action,” FMCSA said.
Also starting on April 1, any ELD violations recorded on roadside inspection reports will count against the driver’s and the carrier’s scores in FMCSA’s Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) system.
Roadcheck dates set, inspectors to key in on hours of service violations
The Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance’s annual International Roadcheck, a three-day ramp up of truck and bus enforcement across North America, is scheduled for June 5-7. The year’s focus will be on hours-of-service compliance, says CVSA, due in part to the implementation of the U.S. DOT’s electronic logging device mandate.
“The top reason drivers were placed out of service during 2017 International Roadcheck was for hours-of-service violations,” said CVSA President Capt. Christopher Turner of the Kansas Highway Patrol. “Although the electronic logging device rule that went into effect on Dec. 18 does not change any of the underlying hours-of-service rules or exceptions, the ELD mandate placed a spotlight on hours-of-service compliance. We thought this year would be a perfect opportunity to focus on the importance of the hours-of-service regulations.”
However, inspectors will perform full Level I inspections on most rigs checked during the inspection blitz. Level I inspections are the most thorough, including examination of both driver compliance and vehicle-related violations.
CVSA has said in years past that an average of 15 trucks and buses are inspected every minute across North America during the 72-hour event. In last year’s Roadcheck, 15,000 out-of-service orders were issued. Of those, 12,000 were for vehicle-related violations and 3,000 were for driver-related violations. Violations related to hours of service and brakes topped the out-of-service infractions. Enforcers in 2017 conducted more than 63,000 inspections during the 72-hour event.